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Type 2 Diabetes, a prevalent and chronic metabolic disorder, has emerged as a significant health challenge in the modern world. Characterized by insulin resistance and impaired glucose regulation, this condition affects the body’s ability to utilize sugar effectively. Type 2 Diabetes poses substantial risks to overall health, potentially leading to serious complications such as heart disease, kidney problems, and nerve damage. With its increasing prevalence and impact on individuals of all ages, understanding the causes, symptoms, management, and preventive measures of Type 2 Diabetes has become imperative. 

What is Metformin?

Metformin is a diabetes medication approved by the FDA, designed to manage high blood sugar in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Its functions include reducing the absorption of glucose in the gastrointestinal tract, lowering glucose production by the liver, and enhancing insulin sensitivity. For optimal outcomes, it is advisable to combine metformin with dietary adjustments and regular exercise.

By using drugs like metformin to control blood sugar levels, individuals can potentially prevent complications such as kidney damage, nerve damage, vision problems, amputations, and sexual dysfunction. Moreover, effective diabetes management can also decrease the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Side Effects of Metformin

If you take this medication, it’s crucial to be vigilant about potential side effects and promptly inform your healthcare provider if you experience any of the following:

  • Allergic reactions like skin rash, itching, hives, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat
  • Symptoms of high lactic acid levels such as muscle soreness, cramps, stomachache, difficulty breathing, general discomfort, or exhaustion
  • Signs of low vitamin B12 levels like hand or foot pain, tingling, numbness, muscle weakness, disorientation, confusion, or difficulty concentrating.

Additionally, you should report persistent or bothersome side effects, including diarrhea, gas, headache, metallic taste in the mouth, or nausea, to your care team for further evaluation and guidance. Regular communication with your healthcare provider is essential to ensure your well-being while taking this medication.

What Is the Recommended Way to Take Metformin?

The recommended way to take Metformin, a medication commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes, is to follow your doctor’s prescription and guidelines carefully. Typically, it is taken orally with meals to reduce gastrointestinal side effects.

The initial dosage may be low and gradually increased to achieve the desired therapeutic effect. It is essential to take Metformin at the same time each day to maintain a consistent level of the drug in your system. Avoid altering the dosage or frequency without medical supervision. Additionally, inform your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking to prevent potential drug interactions.

Regular blood sugar monitoring and adherence to a healthy lifestyle, including diet and exercise, are essential for the best results with Metformin treatment. Always consult your healthcare professional if you have any concerns or experience adverse effects. 

Recommended Timing for Taking Metformin

The ideal timing for taking metformin depends on the formulation prescribed. For regular metformin, it is commonly taken two to three times a day, preferably with meals to reduce the likelihood of stomach and intestinal issues.

Many people take it with breakfast and dinner. On the other hand, metformin extended-release tablets should be taken once daily, specifically with dinner, as this can help in managing elevated glucose levels during the night. It is crucial to follow your doctor’s instructions regarding the appropriate dosing and timing to ensure the medication’s effectiveness and minimize side effects.

Doctor discussing the benefits of using Metformin

Dosage of Metformin

The recommended dosages for metformin vary based on age and formulation.

  • For adults aged 18 to 79 years, immediate-release tablets typically start with 500 mg twice daily or 850 mg once daily with meals, and the dosage can be increased gradually up to 2,550 mg per day, divided into multiple doses.
  • For children aged 10 to 17, immediate-release tablets usually begin with 500 mg twice daily, and the dose can be increased weekly up to 2,000 mg per day.

Delayed-release tablets have similar dosing patterns, with a typical starting dose of 500 mg once daily for adults and 500 mg twice daily for children, and adjustments can be made as needed. It’s essential to follow your doctor’s guidance for the most appropriate dosage and administration of metformin.

What Precautions Should I Take While Using This Medication?

While using this medication, there are several important considerations to keep in mind. Regularly check in with your healthcare team to monitor your progress. They will conduct the HbA1C (A1C) test every 3 to 6 months, which assesses blood sugar control over the previous two to three months.

Be cautious about potential hypoglycemia when taking this drug alongside insulin or sulfonylurea, and learn how to test and manage your blood sugar levels. Always have a fast-acting source of sugar on hand, like glucose pills or hard candies, in case of low blood sugar symptoms. Inform your medical staff if you experience high blood sugar, as your medication dosage may need adjustment. 

Avoid skipping meals and inquire about alcohol consumption, as some over-the-counter medications contain sugar or alcohol that can affect blood sugar levels. For premenopausal women without regular cycles, this drug may trigger ovulation, so discuss birth control options with your healthcare provider and promptly inform them if you suspect pregnancy.

Prior to surgery, MRI, CT scan, or any procedure, notify your care team about taking this medication, as it may need to be temporarily discontinued. Consider wearing a medical ID bracelet or carrying a card with essential medical information.

This drug can potentially affect folic acid and vitamin B12 levels, so discuss dietary considerations and vitamin supplementation with your doctor while using this medication.

Storage and Proper Disposal of Metformin

For proper storage and disposal of this medication, ensure it remains in its original container, tightly closed, and away from children’s reach. Store it at room temperature, avoiding exposure to light, excessive heat, and moisture (do not store it in the bathroom).

When disposing of unwanted medications, do not flush this drug down the toilet. Instead, use a medicine take-back program to prevent accidental ingestion by pets, children, or others. Inquire about take-back programs at your local pharmacy or contact the garbage/recycling agency in your area.

It’s crucial to keep all medications, especially those in non-child-resistant containers like weekly pill minders, eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers, out of sight and reach of children.

Always secure the safety caps and promptly store the medication in a safe place to prevent poisoning accidents involving small children.

How to Buy Metformin Online from Canada

To buy Metformin online from Canada, you can visit www.365scriptcare.com. At 365 Script Care, you can conveniently access high-quality prescription and non-prescription medications at affordable prices. 

For your first purchase of Metformin, you can use the discount code 365save5 to receive a 5% discount. Take advantage of this offer and buy your medication easily and affordably through their platform.

In summary, the drug metformin is essential for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Its proven effectiveness, few side effects, and affordability make it a mainstay of diabetic treatment. Metformin, when used as a first-line medication, improves cardiovascular health overall in addition to assisting with blood sugar regulation.

But since everyone reacts differently, it’s important to speak with medical professionals for specific advice. The integration of Metformin into a complete diabetes care strategy highlights the drug’s importance in helping people with Type 2 Diabetes live better, more regulated lives.


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